2 edition of Effects of agricultural land use on surface runoff and erosion in a Mediterranean area found in the catalog.
Effects of agricultural land use on surface runoff and erosion in a Mediterranean area
Simone van Dijck
Includes bibliographical references (p. 218-234).
|Statement||Simone van Dijck.|
|Series||Nederlandse geografische studies -- 263|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||246 p. :|
|Number of Pages||246|
|ISBN 10||9068092863, 9062661793|
Changes in natural rainfall regimes have taken place and are expected to become more pronounced in future decades. These changes are also likely to be accompanied by changes in crop management practices. The main purpose of this study was to analyze runoff and soil loss in relation to rainfall regimes and terracing in the Three Gorges area, by: 2. Effects of soil surface management on erosion during extreme rainfall events in semiarid agricultural lands (Central Spain) S. De Alba 1 and G. Benito 2 1 CNR-IGES, Institute for Sol Genesis and Ecology, Piazzale delle Casc Firenze, Italy 2 CSIC-CCMA, Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales, Serrano dpdo, Madrid, Spain.
One of the types of land use in the area of Miu Sub-watershed is the land use in the form of a cocoa plantation and other seasonal crops. According to Fadil , (), plant's characteristic can increase the rate of surface runoff and erosion caused by the occurrence of cover crop vegetation change. Cocoa productivity. Runoff is one of the most environmentally sensitive issues in irrigation. Agricultural runoff can carry fertilizers, pesticides, bacteria, solvents, oils, and grease into lakes, rivers, and streams. Runoff also means water application is less efficient, which increases costs. Soil erosion is a pollutant issue also resulting in lost fertilizer.
One of the most important land use changes recorded in the Mediterranean basin, with particular impacts on soil erosion, is the abandonment of agricultural lands due to economic and social changes. Fundamental ecosystem processes are influenced by changes in agricultural practices and soil resources management, affecting ecosystem func-tions. Rainfall, and the surface runoff which may result from rainfall, produces four main types of soil erosion: splash erosion, sheet erosion, rill erosion, and gully erosion is generally seen as the first and least severe stage in the soil erosion process, which is followed by sheet erosion, then rill erosion and finally gully erosion (the most severe of the four).
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Effects of agricultural land use on surface runoff and erosion in a Mediterranean area. Utrecht: Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap/Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Simone van Dijck.
Download Citation | Effects of agricultural land use on surface runoff and erosion in a Mediterranean area | The object of this thesis is to study 1. the effects of agricultural operations, 2.
Surface runoff often occurs because impervious areas (such as roofs and pavement) do not allow water to soak into the ground. Surface runoff is a major component of the water cycle.
It is the primary agent of soil erosion by water. The land area producing runoff that drains to a common point is called a drainage basin. CATENA EL SEVIER Catena 29 () Tree effect of land use on runoff and soil erosion rates under Mediterranean conditions C.
Kosmas a, N. Danalatos a, L.H. Cammemat b, M. Chabart `, J. Diamantopoulos d, R. Farand L. Gutierrez e, A. Jacob f, H. Marques f, J. Martinez-Fernandez g, A. Mizara a, N. Moustakas a, J.M. Nicolau e, C. Oliveros ", G. Pinna h, R. Puddu Cited by: Highlights Surface runoff and soil loss on the karst hill slopes were very small.
Runoff and soil loss were affected by land use, land cover and rainfall regimes. Antecedent precipitation could promote runoff and soil loss on limestone slopes.
Due to the low soil formation rates, soil erosion risk was quite by: agricultural runoff. Making changes to land use or correcting past abuses is often expensive. A considerable amount of research is underway by organisations with a commitment to, or responsibility for, managing the effects of land-use practices on the environment.
Studies have been made concerning land-use practices to reduce. Combined effects of rainfall regime and plot length on runoff and soil loss in the Loess Plateau of China - Volume Issue - Jianbo LIU.
The effect of land use and precipitation on annual runoff and sediment loss was investigated in eight different sites along the northern Mediterranean region and the Atlantic coastline located in. Southern Europe has been experiencing an accelerated intensification of agricultural systems in the last decades with consequent environmental effects.
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of agricultural land use in two small-medium river basins in the South of Portugal, regarding: (i) water quality and stream habitat; (ii) fish fauna; and (iii) : Paula Matono, Teresa Batista, Elsa Sampaio, Maria Ilhéu.
diffuse sources. Polluted runoff is caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, ﬁnally depositing them into watersheds through lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters, and even our underground sources of drinking water.
Agricultural Runoff is the main cause for non-point sources which do not run directly into the ocean but instead through rivers. Whereas point sources are created at a single area of origin. These are some of the causes and effects that Agricultural Runoff can have on an environment.
Characterization of Surface Runoff, Soil Erosion, Nutrient Loss and their relationship for Agricultural plots in India Mohan Lal 1 * and Surendra Kumar Mishra 1 1 Department of Water Resources Development and Management, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand by: 4.
Universal soil loss equation (USLE) was used in conjunction with a geographic information system to determine the influence of land use and land cover change (LUCC) on soil erosion potential of a reservoir catchment during the period to Results showed that the mean soil erosion potential of the watershed was increased slightly from t ha − 1 Cited by: Negative effects of surface runoff and soil erosion in watersheds can be controlled and mitigated through hydrological models.
Moreover, they are suitable to simulate various combinations of different scenarios of land and water management in a watershed and therefore they are useful for comparative analysis of different options and as a guide to what Best Management Cited by: 1.
Modelling the effects of land use changes on runoff and soil erosion in two Mediterranean catchments with active gullies (South of Spain) Juan F. Martínez-Murillo1,2,ManuelLópez-Vicente1, Jean Poesen1, José Damián Ruiz-Sinoga2 1Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, K.U.
Leuven, Belgium. Broad range of effects: pesticide runoff and contamination of surface water and fish; erosion and sedimentation problems. Aquaculture Release of pesticides (e.g. TBT 1) and high levels of nutrients to surface water and groundwater through feed. Agricultural runoff flows into the lakes and rivers that hundreds of towns draw their water from.
For example, herbicide runoff from a farm in Centralia, Mo., might end up in Goodwater Creek. Frederick B. Pierson, Corey A. Moffet, C. Jason Williams, Stuart P. Hardegree and Patrick E. Clark, Prescribed‐fire effects on rill and interrill runoff and erosion in a mountainous sagebrush landscape, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 34, 2, (), ().Cited by: A study by the U.S.
EPA found that agriculture was responsible for nearly half of the impairment to rivers — far more than other sources, including urban runoff and storm : Tom Beyerlein. Soil erosion has been a common global environmental problem, significantly threatening the sustainable development of economy and society.
Water erosion is the main cause of soil degradation .Land use is one of the most important factors influencing soil erosion because of its effects on variations in surface roughness, the organic content of soil, the soil structure and Cited by:.
The effects of rainfall regimes and land use changes on runoff and soil loss in a small mountainous watershed Nu-Fang Fang a,b, Zhi-Hua Shi a,b,c,⁎,LuLid, Zhong-Lu Guo c, Qian-Jin Liu c, Lei Ai c a State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Northwest A & F University, YanglingChina b Institute of Soil and Water .that the LULC changes have an effect on the surface runoff characteristics.
In conclusion, it appears that geoinformatics technology and the LULC change model can be used as tools for a LULC change and environmental impact assessment. Keywords: Land use and land cover prediction, surface runoff estimation, geoinformatics.Impacts of Agricultural Expansion on Surface Runoff: A Case Study of a River Basin in the Brazilian Legal Amazon Abstract This work presents an analysis of the Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) changes of a region in the Brazilian Legal Amazon, and an evaluation of their impacts on the surface runoff regime.
This case study took place at.